5:45 pm: An explosion blew up the fourth floor of the building. They then ran into a police roadblock, which had been set up after Jadhav radioed for help. "[225] Political reactions in Mumbai and India included a range of resignations and political changes, including the resignations of Minister for Home Affairs Shivraj Patil,[21] Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh[226] and deputy chief minister R. R. Patil[227] for controversial reactions to the attack including taking the former's son and Bollywood director Ram Gopal Verma to tour the damaged Taj Hotel and the latters remarks that the attacks were not a big deal in such a large city. [126], US officials believed that the Inter-Services Intelligence (I.S.I.) It has been twelve years since November 26, 2008, when a series of deadly terrorist attacks rocked India’s financial capital Mumbai, the tremors of which were felt not just in India but across the world, but the wounds are still fresh in the hearts and minds of the survivors. It was a brutal strike upon an establishment that symbolised the emergence of an entrepreneurial elite in India. Mumbai terrorist attack of 2008 Targets of the November 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai, India. The attackers passed a police station. Indian chef Hemant Oberoi, who helped rescue dozens of people during the 2008 [252] On 17 July 2012, the court refused to take the findings of the Pakistani judicial commission as part of the evidence. [140], Type 86 Grenades made by China's state-owned Norinco were used in the attacks. [52][154] Much of the information about the attackers' preparation, travel, and movements comes from his subsequent confessions to the Mumbai police. [48][49], A group of men, sometimes stated as 24 and at other times 26,[50] received training in marine warfare at a remote camp in mountainous Muzaffarabad in Pakistan. The court had accepted his plea, but due to the lack of completeness within his admittance, the judge had deemed that many of the 86 charges were not addressed and therefore the trial continued. A lawyer for Kasab was eventually found, but was replaced due to a conflict of interest. [102][103] One of these men, Pakistani American David Headley (born Daood Sayed Gilani), was found to have made several trips to India before the attacks and gathered video and GPS information on behalf of the plotters. In the succeeding hours, evacuations took place in batches. 1:00 pm: Firing at intervals and grenade explosions continued through the day. It also planned to create an anti-terror force called "Force One" and upgrade all the weapons that Mumbai police currently have. 4: 30 pm: The terrorists set fire to a room on the fourth floor of the building. Gautam Singh, a tandoor chef at Taj, was one of them. [217] Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on an all-party conference declared that legal framework would be strengthened in the battle against "terrorism" and a federal anti-terrorist intelligence and investigation agency, like the FBI, will be set up soon to co-ordinate action against "terrorism". [161] On 18 March 2010, Headley pleaded guilty to a dozen charges against him thereby avoiding going to trial. When it ended all but one of the terrorists were dead. The captain of 'Kuber', Amar Singh Solanki, had earlier been imprisoned for six months in a Pakistani jail for illegally fishing in Pakistani waters. LeT had even given each terrorist a fake identity card listing an Indian address, to further strengthen the circumstantial narrative. On 6 May 2010, he was sentenced to death by hanging. [17] There was also an explosion at Mazagaon, in Mumbai's port area, and in a taxi at Vile Parle. 14: 53- 15:59 pm: Ten grenade explosions reported to have taken place within the premises. Rather, the attack on Taj symbolised something way more powerful. [12][13][14] The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday 26 November and lasted until Saturday 29 November 2008. Headley also helped ISI recruit Indian agents to monitor Indian troop levels and movements, according to a US official. Many important personalities around the world also condemned the attacks. Ansari is a Lashker-e-Taiba ultra and the Hindi tutor of the 10 attackers who were responsible for the Mumbai attacks in 2008. For more than 60 hours the symbol of opulence in Mumbai lay at the mercy of four heavily armed terrorists. [108], Pakistani authorities finally agreed that Ajmal Kasab was a Pakistani on 7 January 2009,[29][109][110] and registered a case against three other Pakistani nationals. [54] They also received training in swimming and sailing, besides the use of high-end weapons and explosives under the supervision of LeT commanders. From politicians to the country’s security agencies to the media, each failed in its responsibility that eventually claimed the lives of 166 individuals. [122][123], According to investigations, the attackers travelled by sea from Karachi, Pakistan, across the Arabian Sea, hijacked the Indian fishing trawler 'Kuber', killed the crew of four, then forced the captain to sail to Mumbai. [97] In addition, police seized a boat filled with arms and explosives anchored at Mazgaon dock off Mumbai harbour. The Oberoi-Trident is the other icon of luxury and opulence in Mumbai that came under the deadly saws of the 26/11 attacks. 5:30 pm: A batch of 20 commandos were sent who tried to enter the building from the ground floor. It has been considered one of the finest hotels in the East since the time of the British Raj.The hotel was one of the main sites targeted in the 2008 Mumbai attacks. 1:00 am: The central dome of the hotel was bombed and there was a massive fire in the building. But the largest significance of 26/11 lay in the impact that it had on public emotion. Hotel staff including bellboys and hotel management trainees lay injured as the two gunmen made their way to the Opium Den bar, the Tiffin and later the Kandahar restaurants. [38] On 13 March 2003, a day after the 10th anniversary of the 1993 Bombay bombings, a bomb exploded in a train compartment near the Mulund station, killing 10 people and injuring 70. [248] In November 2009, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said that Pakistan had not done enough to bring the perpetrators of the attacks to justice.[249]. The book was first published by Penguin Books in 2013. The attacks began around 21:30 when the two men entered the passenger hall and opened fire[57] using AK-47 rifles. Part of the training was reported to have taken place on the Mangla Dam reservoir in Pakistan.[51]. 7:30: am: Unable to enter the building from the ground floor,  NSG commandos were air dropped onto the terrace of the building from a chopper. November 2008 mit einem kleinen Boot von der pakistanischen Stadt Karatschi aus abgelegt und seien innerhalb der nächsten Stunde auf ein größeres Boot übernommen worden, auf welchem sich Unterstützer ihrer Mission befunden hätten. Knowing that they were outgunned against the heavily armed terrorists, the police officers at the station, instead of confronting the terrorists, decided to switch off the lights and secure the gates. [111], The Indian government supplied evidence to Pakistan and other governments, in the form of interrogations, weapons, and call records of conversations during the attacks. UN proscribed terrorist Lakhvi, who was on bail since 2015 in the Mumbai attack case, was arrested by the Counter-Terrorism Department of Punjab province. Foreign nationals were reported to be the prime point of target for the terrorists. Headley, a Pakistani-American, was charged in November 2009 with scouting locations for the 2008 Mumbai attacks. Hotel Mumbai, which tells the story of a luxury hotel in India taken under siege by terrorists based on the events of the 2008 attack, hit cinema screens in the UK on 27 September.. 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