He was elected governor of Tennessee in 1827. In his youth Houston moved with his family to a farm in rural Tennessee after the death of his father in 1807. The revolt suffered reverses during the winter, but on April 21, 1836, Houston and a force of roughly 900 Texans surprised and defeated some 1,200 to 1,300 Mexicans under Antonio López de Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto. Then, adventure beckoned in the form of the outbreak of the War of 1812. Of course he is. He served three terms in the Senate and ran successfully for Texas’ governorship in 1859. He was influential in gaining the admission of Texas to the United States in 1845. This triumph secured Texan independence and was followed by Houston’s election as president (1836–38; 1841–44) of the Republic of Texas. Sam Houston became the first president of the Republic of Texas on October 22, 1836. “Jack went to bed obscure,” Kerouac’s girlfriend told a reporter, “and ...read more. Dr. … When Sam Houston took office in 1836, as the first elected president of the Republic of Texas, the new nation faced many problems. Serving over 18,000 undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students, SHSU's Carnegie classification places it in the top 7% of U.S. higher education institutions. September 5, 1975, President Gerald R. Ford survives an attempt on his life in Sacramento, California. Born … Soon after, Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Before ever going to Texas, Sam Houston represented Tennessee in the U.S. Congress and served as that state's governor. Inscription. As a consequence, after service in the War of 1812 and an interlude of study and teaching, in 1817 Houston became a U.S. subagent assigned to manage the removal of the Cherokee from Tennessee to a reservation in the Arkansas Territory. Sam Houston, byname of Samuel Houston, (born March 2, 1793, Rockbridge county, Virginia, U.S.—died July 26, 1863, Huntsville, Texas), American lawyer and politician, a leader in the Texas Revolution (1834–36) who later served as president of the Republic of Texas (1836–38; 1841–44) and who was instrumental in Texas’s becoming a U.S. state (1845). This operation lasted until October 1971, and was one of the last major large-scale military ...read more, Lt. William Calley is charged with six specifications of premeditated murder in the death of 109 Vietnamese civilians at My Lai in March 1968. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Houston’s arrival in Texas coincided with the heated contest between settlers and the Mexican government for control of the area. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Quotations by Sam Houston, American Politician, Born March 2, 1793. SAM HOUSTON, COMMANDER IN CHIEF AND PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS Sam Houston was born on March 2, 1793 in Rockbridge County, Virginia, to parents Major Samuel Houston and Elizabeth Paxton; one of nine children. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The assailant, a petite, red haired, freckle-faced young woman named Lynette Fromme, approached the president while he was walking near the California Capitol and raised a .45 ...read more, Seen by some as a vicious murderer and by others as a gallant Robin Hood, the famous outlaw Jesse Woodson James is born on September 5, 1847, in Clay County, Missouri. Share with your friends. Fast Facts: Sam Houston Known For: After winning the Battle of San Jacinto, which effectively won the Texas War of Independence, Houston was the founding statesman of Texas, serving as the first president of the Republic of Texas, then a U.S. senator and governor for the state of Texas. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. President Burnet resigned so that Houston could take office early on October 22. He attended Washington and Lee University in Virginia, then enlisted in the army on the second day of World War I. Lowman was born in 1894 in Staples. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sam-Houston, Texas State Historical Association - The Handbook of Texas Online - Biography of Samuel Houston, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture - Biography of Sam Houston, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Sam Houston, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture - Biography of Sam Houston, Sam Houston - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Sam Houston - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He returned to Nashville to practice law and from 1823 to 1827 served as a U.S. congressman. Corrections? …debacle, with Mexican forces approaching, Houston and the troops under his command at Gonzales began an organized withdrawal to the northeast, accompanied by fleeing civilians. Foremost among them was Mexico’s refusal to recognize the independence of the new republic. Sam Houston studied law under Judge James Trimble, passed the bar, and opened up a legal practice in Lebanon, Tennessee. Sam Houston, First President of the Republic Marker. At age 18, Houston left the Cherokees and spent two years teaching school to earn money. Sam Houston (click for source) The area now constituting the United States had two Presidential elections in 1836. On September 5, 1836, Sam Houston is elected as president of the Republic of Texas, which earned its independence from Mexico in a successful military rebellion. Born in Virginia in 1793, Houston moved with his family to rural Tennessee after his father’s death; as a teenager, he ran away and lived for several years with the Cherokee tribe. Calley, a platoon leader in Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry, 11th Infantry Brigade (Light) of the 23rd (Americal) Division ...read more, During the 1972 Summer Olympics at Munich, in the early morning of September 5, a group of Palestinian terrorists storms the Olympic Village apartment of the Israeli athletes, killing two and taking nine others hostage. 4. Sam Houston, byname of Samuel Houston, (born March 2, 1793, Rockbridge county, Virginia, U.S.—died July 26, 1863, Huntsville, Texas), U.S. lawyer and politician, a leader in the Texas Revolution (1834–36). During the presidential election, the voters of Texas overwhelmingly indicated their desire for Texas to be annexed by the United States. At his inauguration in Columbia Houston dramatically flourished, then gave up the sword he had used at the Battle of San Jacinto. By TeamOHE, May 7, 2020. In one, Martin Van Buren was elected President of the United States. Credit: Hulton Archive/Getty Images. Final Days: Sam Houston left the presidency in December 1844. Houston joined the U.S. Army as a private, quickly rising to the rank of third lieutenant. After serving his term as President, he served in the Congress of the Republic in 1839-40. The Mexican pursuit of Houston was three-pronged, and though he had an opportunity on March 20 to strike back against the leading edge of that…. He practiced law in Nashville and from 1823 to1827 served as a U.S. congressman before being elected governor of Tennessee in 1827. Sam Houston elected as president of Texas, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/sam-houston-elected-as-president-of-texas. Houston arrived in Texas during a time of rising tensions between U.S. settlers and Mexican authorities, and soon emerged as a leader among the settlers. His last act as president was to write to General Santa Anna in Mexico and petition for the freedom of Jose Antonio Navarro. He died of pneumonia in 1863. In the other, Sam Houston defeated Stephen F. Austin to become the first elected President of Texas. A year earlier, Crazy Horse was among the Sioux leaders who defeated George Armstrong Custer’s Seventh Cavalry at the Battle of Little ...read more, In response to the British Parliament’s enactment of the Coercive Acts in the American colonies, the first session of the Continental Congress convenes at Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia. His victory at the Battle of San Jacinto secured the independence of Texas from Mexico. The terrorists were part of a group known as Black ...read more. Born in Virginia in 1793, Houston moved with his family to rural Tennessee after his father’s death; as a teenager, he ran away and lived for several years with the Cherokee tribe. After a brief unsuccessful marriage to Eliza Allen in 1829, he resigned his office; he again sought refuge among the Cherokee and was formally adopted into the tribe. In his youth Houston moved with his family to a farm in rural Tennessee after the death of his father in 1807. Statesman Samuel Houston was a key political figure in the creation of the state of Texas. Houston, meanwhile, faced the challenge of assembling a new government, putting the country's financ… With the ...read more, The 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile), in coordination with the South Vietnamese (ARVN) 1st Infantry Division, initiates Operation Jefferson Glenn in Thua Thien Province west of Hue. Houston served in the War of 1812 and was later appointed by the U.S. government to manage the removal of the Cherokee from Tennessee to a reservation in Arkansas Territory. Sam Houston, First President of the Republic 1793-1863 . He also indicates there are many struggles ahead. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. In addition to the President’s Cabinet, Sam Houston State University Faculty Senate, the Council of Academic Deans, Academic Policy Council, Academic Affairs Council, Staff Council, and other University-sanctioned groups function to better the University. Early life. Oglala Sioux leader Crazy Horse is fatally bayoneted by a U.S. soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson, Nebraska. In a Facebook post Tuesday morning, Sam Houston State University President Dana Hoyt announced she is retiring in August. He spent his last two years quietly at home in Huntsville with Margaret Lea, his wife from 1840 and mother of his eight children. The great Tejano patriot was the last Texan prisoner being held by Santa Anna, sentenced to life in prison for his participation in Lamar's Santa Fe expedition. The book was banned in the Soviet Union, but still won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958. He continued to serve as senator and governor after Texas became part of the United States in 1845. 1. Sam Houston for President! In the August 9, 1836 issue of the Telegraph and Texas Register, Stephen F. Austin, Henry Smith and Branch T. Archer were listed as candidates for the office of president of the new republic. Hoyt has been at SHSU … Houston took office on October 22, 1836 after interim president David G. Burnetresigned. His views on the preservation of the union were unpopular with the Texas legislature, however, and on the eve of the Civil War he was not reelected—although he was chosen governor once more in 1859. In victory, Houston declared that “Texas will again lift its head and stand among the nations….It ought to do so, for no country upon the globe can compare with it in natural advantages.”, READ MORE: Why Mexico Won the Alamo but Lost the Mexican-American War. All Rights Reserved. Dr. Harmon Luther Lowman came to Sam Houston State in 1941 and was the president until his death in 1964. UWEC.eduSam Houston He was inaugurated as the new nation’s first elected president … By Hartwell James in 1899. On April 21, he led some 800 Texans in a surprise defeat of 1,500 Mexican soldiers under General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna at the San Jacinto River. Why Mexico Won the Alamo but Lost the Mexican-American War. In 1835, Texans formed a provisional government, which issued a declaration of independence from Mexico the following year. He’s an American combat veteran. He ran away in his mid-teens and lived for nearly three years with the Cherokee Indians in eastern Tennessee, where he took the name Black Raven and learned the Cherokee language, skills, and customs. 2. 5. Texas Republic Army General, Texas Republic President… He received a law degree from Cumberland School of Law in 1934.. An American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state. President Sam Houston 3. Houston served as the republic’s president until 1838, then again from 1841 to 1844. Houston thus developed a rapport with the Indians that was unique for his day. In the fall of that year, Houston was elected the first President of the Republic of Texas. He twice went to Washington, D.C., to expose frauds practiced upon the Indians by government agents and in 1832 was sent by Pres. The Board of Regents of the Texas State University System unanimously confirmed Alisa White, Ph.D., as president of Sam Houston State University during a special called meeting today. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Santa Anna was captured and brought to Houston, where he was forced to sign an armistice that would grant Texas its freedom. Then in 1841, Houston was again voted by a large margin to the head of the Texas government. Sam Houston State names Alisa White finalist for president in June 2020. He was elected the first president of the Republic of Texas in 1836. Who Was Samuel Houston? During his two presidential terms he successfully guided the new ship of state through many trials and tribulations. The border of the country is frontier land, unclaimed territory, bordered by Indians. In 1832, President Andrew Jackson sent him to Texas (then a Mexican province) to negotiate treaties with local Native Americans for protection of border traders. Technically, the two nations were still at war. On March 31, 1832, Ohio Congressman William Stanbery accused Houston of fraud in a… The city of Houston, Texas, is named in his honor, as is an Army fort in San Antonio, Texas. Omissions? The President's Honor Roll and Dean's List of Academic Honors are highly distinguished accolades recognized among higher education institutions across the nation as a true indication of excellence and accomplishment. He attended Southwest Texas State Teachers College, as had his brother Lyndon, and the University of Texas at Austin. No, he says they are in the outset, which means the beginning of their struggle for independence. (Sam Houston State University) White said, “I spent several days on Sam Houston State University’s campus last … After receiving medical treatment for his war wounds in New Orleans, Houston returned to win election as president of the Republic of Texas on September 5. American lawyer and politician; president of Republic of Texas. Brian Blalock Alisa White began her role as president of Sam Houston State University Monday, becoming the 14th president of Texas’ third-oldest state university. As a teenager in Tennessee, he had run away from home and lived for several years with the Cherokees. On this date in 1836, Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The Confederates then removed Houston as governor, and he retired to private life in Huntsville, Texas, where he died in 1863. Although guards ...read more, Boris Pasternak’s romantic novel, Doctor Zhivago is published in the United States. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! When they rose in rebellion against Mexico in November 1835, he was chosen commander in chief of their army (an appointment that was formally confirmed after the adoption of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The city of Houston, Texas, was named in his honour. As the Civil War loomed, Houston argued unsuccessfully against secession, and was deposed from office in March 1861 after refusing to swear allegiance to the Confederacy. Sam Houston Schoolhouse, Maryville, Tennessee, where he taught school. Sam Houston Johnson was born in Johnson City, Texas on January 31, 1914, to Samuel Ealy Johnson Jr. and Rebekah Baines. Despite plans for retirement, Houston helped Texas win admission to the United States in 1845 and was elected as one of the state’s first two senators. 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