A Zulu King Speaks: Statements Made by Cetshwayo KaMpande on the History and Customs of His People Volume 3 of Killie Campbell Africana Library, Reprint series Pietermaritzburg. Cele (Alternation), 1998. The General public can download the App, and Municipal account holders need to register before accessing Account info, ID Number and Water account. Updates? Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The civil war between Cetshwayo and Zibhebhu ranged across the Mahlabathini plain and the uSuthu was once again defeated. Whilst Cetshwayo and his 15-year old heir, Dinizulu, were able to escape the capital of oNdini and hide out in the Nkandla forest, the uSuthu leadership was decimated. Ed. the ‘cradle’ of Zulu history. In 1875 Boers flooded across into Zululand, claiming land south of the Phongola River as well as attempting to tax Zulu homesteads in the north-west. During a Zulu civil war in 1856, Cetshwayo’s Usuthu force defeated his rival and brother Mbuyazwe’s Gqoza group in a violent encounter at the Battle of Ndondakasuka (near the lower Tugela River). In 1857 Cetshwayo and Mpanda came to terms: Cetshwayo would have effective control of the nation whilst Mapande would retain 'ultimate' authority and the title of king. Conflict became inevitable when Mbuyazi and his supporters, the iziGqoza, moved to their lands just north of the Thukela River, clearing the area of Cetshwayo's supporters. WORKS CITED. In July 1882 Cetshwayo was permitted to travel to the United Kingdom to seek support from British politicians for the restoration of the Zulu monarchy. In December 1878 Frere issued an ultimatum to Cetshwayo that was designed to be impossible to satisfy: the Zulu were, among other things, to dismantle their “military system” within 30 days. Die King Cetshwayo-distriksmunisipaliteit (voorheen uThungulu-distriksmunisipaliteit)) is een van die 10 distriksmunisipaliteite van KwaZulu-Natal.Die setel van die munisipaliteit is in Richardsbaai.Die meeste inwoners in die munisipale gebied is Zoeloesprekend.Die munisipaliteit se kode is DC28. Google books online.|Wallis, F. (2000). He died in his Kraal, Nodwengu in Zululand. Sy naam is ook getranslitereer as Cetawayo, Cetewayo, Cetywajo en Ketchwayo en is Zoeloe vir "die belasterde een". By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. King Cetshwayo District Municipality (formerly Uthungulu District Municipality) is one of the 11 district municipalities ("districts") of KwaZulu-Natal province in South Africa.The seat of the district is Richards Bay.The majority of its 885 944 people speak Zulu (2001 Census).The district code is DC28. Mpande tried to prevent Cetshwayo from threatening his power, and he again appealed to both the British and the Afrikaners for support. By the mid-1850s Cetshwayo was head of a young Zulu group known as the Usuthu. He was born in 1826, a very troubled period in the history of the Zulu kingdom. King Cetshwayo rejected the ultimatum and war broke out between the two nations. Later he was allowed to travel to London and met Queen Victoria, who permitted him to return to South Africa to rule a portion of the former Zulu kingdom in 1883. Cetshwayo’s father, Mpande, was Shaka Zulu’s half brother. That same year, Cetshwayo sought out the Colonial hunter-traders who he had fought against at Ndondakusuka. When his father, Mpande, displaced Dingane in 1840, Cetshwayo was brought into the line of immediate royal succession. Omissions? Cetshwayo and Mbuyazi became rivals. The British partitioned the now-defeated Zululand between themselves and Zulu enemies of Cetshwayo, particularly Hamu in the northwest and Zibhebhu (of the Mandlakazi group) in the northeast. 2.2. King Cetshwayo was an intelligent, disciplined man, a strong military leader with political savvy. The British took over preexisting Boer claims to parts of western Zululand, and in early 1878 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, the Transvaal administrator, and Sir Bartle Frere, the high commissioner of the Cape (see Cape of Good Hope), began a propaganda campaign against Cetshwayo and the Zulu. Binns, C.T. Cetshwayo also began to see him as a threat and chased him into Utrecht (land that Mpande had ceded in 1854) in 1861. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Cetshwayo, king of the Zulu, under British guard in Southern Africa, 1879. His sovereignty was also recognized by the neighbouring British administration, which controlled the colony of Natal to the immediate south of the Zulu kingdom. Without the full backing of the British parliament, Frere went ahead with his war plans. In 1877 the British annexed the Boer republic of Transvaal, an event that fostered a drive to federate the southern African white colonies and to destroy the autonomy of the independent southern African kingdoms. Cetshwayo word beskou as die laaste koning van 'n onafhanklike Zoeloenasie. By March 1883 Zibhebhu was moving against Cetshwayo's supporters in his assigned northern territory and Cetshwayo's uSuthu marched against him. bKillie Campbell Africana Library, Durban. The King Cetshwayo District Municipality (previously uThungulu District Municipality) is a Category C municipality and is located in the north-eastern region of the KwaZulu-Natal Province. Mandlakazi raids into the northern parts of the dwindling area under Cetshwayo’s control culminated in a Mandlakazi attack on Ulundi and the final defeat of Cetshwayo’s Usuthu supporters on July 21, 1883; it is to this, known as the second Battle of Ulundi, that modern historians date the demise of the Zulu kingdom. Cetshwayo was a nephew of the first two Zulu kings, Shaka and Dingane. King Cetshwayo ligt in de provincie KwaZoeloe-Natal en telt 907.519 inwoners[3]. When his father, Mpande, displaced Dingane in 1840, Cetshwayo was brought into the line of immediate royal succession. Cetshwayo was a son of Zulu king Mpande and Queen Ngqumbazi, half-nephew of Zulu king Shaka and grandson of Senzangakhona kaJama. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Stories from that time regarding his huge size vary, saying he stood at least between 6 feet 6 inches tall (198 cm) and 6 feet … He was subsequently sent into exile. In view of the evidence mentioned above (p. 257) that such leaks were usually not accidental, it may be that the impi was intended as nothing more than a gesture to the favourite assuring him of the king's continued esteem. King Cetshwayo was born to Mpande, who was King Shaka’s half brother in 1826. District Mayor Nonhle Mkhulisi, Deputy Mayor Linda Phungula and Cllr Madanga Xulu convened the programme where the tribal authorities were introduced to the reticulation project and its impact on the communities of wards 13 and 14. He was born in 1826, a very troubled period in the history of the Zulu kingdom. However, for the next 15 years Cetshwayo seemed to control the Zulu nation, he reenergized the amabutho system and tried to stem the diffusion of power away from the crown and out to the izikhulu (territorial chiefs). Cetshwayo’s father, Mpande, was Shaka Zulu’s half brother. In November 1856 Mpande granted Mbuyazi a large tract of land in south-east Zululand; at the same time he refused to meet with Cetshwayo to discuss the succession question. Canonici and T.T. Cetshwayo kaMpande (1826-8 February 1884) was King of the Zulu Kingdom from 1873 to 1879, succeeding Mpande and preceding Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo. His father declared him his successor very early on in life, which was unusual for a King to do. Umtonga fled from Zululand to the Colony of Natal in 1865 and Cetshwayo felt that part of the agreement he made with the Boers had not been upheld. Cetshwayo’s grave, in the Nkandla forest, is considered sacred and is guarded by the Zulu. Sir Frere orchestrated a campaign to annex the Zulu kingdom even though British policy at the time was to avoid war with the Zulus. Siedzibą administracyjną dystryktu jest Richards Bay. Cetshwayo returned to Ulundi in January 1883, and, although he was welcomed by his Usuthu supporters, Zibhebhu and his Mandlakazi supporters prepared for civil war. ‎To connect to King Cetshwayo District Municipality, a Water Services Authority. Utrecht expanded and this new border was officially marked in 1864. The App will allocate unique reference numbers for all your logged cases… King Cetshwayo (voorheen uThungulu) is een district in Zuid-Afrika. Cetshwayo kaMpande (circa 1826 – 8 Februarie 1884) was die koning van die Zoeloenasie van 1872 tot 1879 en die leier van die Zoeloes tydens die Anglo-Zoeloe-oorlog. As a result, the doctor certified the cause of death as “syncope, the result of disease of the heart” (Binns, 1963). Web. King Cetshwayo – dystrykt w Republice Południowej Afryki, w prowincji KwaZulu-Natal. King Cetshwayo is een district in Zuid-Afrika. Although Cetshwayo was initially supported by the likes of Shepstone and the British the Zulu King soon became a threat to the British confederation of South Africa as the Zulu nation grew in military power under his rule. Almost all Mbuyazi's followers were massacred in the aftermath of the battle, including five of Cetshwayo's own brothers. As the situation worsened, Mpande made more of his support for his son Mbuyazi. Cetshwayo was born about 1832. Although Cetshwayo escaped from oNdini, he was soon captured in the Ngome Forest by British dragoons. Phone: 035 799 2500 He did not ascend to the throne, however, as his father was still alive. However, through incompetence and overconfidence they had a column destroyed at Isandhlwana by the Zulu later that month (see Battles of Isandhlwana and Rorke’s Drift). Zulu King Cetshwayo Zululand News – General Background. Cetshwayo was depicted as a military despot barely able to hold back his warriors from attacking Natal, and the Zulu kingdom as a steam engine with a stuck safety valve about to explode. Dino Franco Felluga. King Cetshwayo’s place of birth was his father’s (Mpande) kraal of Mlambongwenya, near Eshowe. et al. At time of his birth, Shaka Zulu was wielding a very powerful command of the Zulu nation. The rule of succession is that the heir is born of the women whom the King makes his chief wife. Tallie, T. J.. “On Zulu King Cetshwayo kaMpande’s Visit to London, August 1882.” BRANCH: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History. In a bloody battle in 1856, Cetshwayo defeated and killed his younger brother Mbuyazi, and then murdered several other siblings to effectively become heir to the throne. At time of his birth, Shaka Zulu was wielding a very powerful command of the Zulu nation. 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